• Preparation and filing of U.S. provisional patent applications
  • Preparation and filing of U.S. nonprovisional applications (including utility, design, and plant applications)
  • Prosecution of U.S. patent applications (responding to USPTO office actions, appeals, and issuance)
  • Post-issuance maintenance of issued U.S. patents
  • Preparation and filing of international Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) applications
  • Management of foreign patent application filing (including PCT national stage and Paris Convention filings), examination, appeals, issuance, and post-issuance maintenance through foreign counsel
  • U.S. patentability opinions
  • U.S. freedom to operate opinions
  • Foreign patentability and freedom to operate opinions through foreign counsel
  • Preparation and filing of U.S. patent assignments with the USPTO
  • Preparation of foreign patent assignments and filing with foreign patent offices through foreign counsel
  • Contractual agreements to transfer patent rights from employees and independent contractors
  • Nondisclosure (NDA) and Confidentiality agreements
  • Exclusive and non-exclusive patent license agreements
  • Other counsel regarding the patent process and any issues along the way

The Law Office of Paul B. Johnson offers competitive rates for a wide variety of U.S. and foreign patent services, many of which are billed on a  flat-rate basis.


Call or text for a free consultation: 801.719.5229

Nonprovisional patent applications

A "nonprovisional" patent application is examined by a USPTO patent examiner to determine whether you should be granted an issued patent.  There are three types of nonprovisional applications.  Utility patent applications cover useful methods/processes, devices, manufactured items, compositions of matter, and so forth.  They may be seen to protect the "usefulness" of an invention.  Design patent applications cover the "ornamental design" of a manufactured item.  They may be seen to protect the overall appearance of an invention, but not the "usefulness" of an invention.  They are not intended to protect design features that are dictated by function (for example, if you choose to use two springs instead of one for a certain part of a device because extra shock absorption is needed, that is a "functional consideration" and you would likely not protect the "two-spring" appearance through a design application).  Plant applications protect new varieties of plants that are asexually reproduced.

Provisional patent applications

Provisional patent applications are not examined, and so cannot themselves result in an issued patent, but they grant you a "filing date" and a later-filed nonprovisional application can "date back" to the filing date of your provisional application if filed within one year.  Provisional applications are simpler to prepare and file than nonprovisional applications, and accordingly less costly.  They can be very useful if drafted properly and if timed so that they allow you to test the market for your invention before filing a nonprovisional application.  Provisional applications can cover many useful inventions but cannot cover "designs," i.e., the overall appearance of a manufactured item.





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